Britain Backing Up GPS in Case of Solar Flare

Britain Backing Up GPS in Case of a Solar Flare

If you’ve hesitated to mention the threat of a Solar Flare taking down the grid out of fear of being laughed at… if you’ve had a friend or family member laugh at you or make fun of the fact that you take such a threat seriously or even concern yourself with it at all… take heart.

Britain, a nation whose merchant shipping has always been their greatest strength, take it seriously enough that they are deploying a new navigation system called eLoran in case the GPS system is damaged or otherwise become unavailable. Most tellingly they are shielding the equipment so that it will not be susceptible to the EMP affects of a a Solar Flares CME (Coronal Mass Ejection). The CME, the cloud of ionized gas emitted by some flares, hitting the Earth’s magnetic field is what causes the massive EMP affect which can cause so much damage.

So the next time the issue of being concerned about a Solar Flare caused EMP arises just point out that the British government, one of the oldest sea powers in the world, takes it seriously enough to justify spending the money to protect their merchant fleet from it’s effects.

The Librarian

2014-10-28 Medical-Surgery Additions Coming Next

I’m going to be adding about 40 new books on Surgery predominantly from the 1800s to the Medical collection. I had previously planned to limit the Medical books, particularly the Surgical books, to the very late 1800s through to just after WW1.

Some discussions with a few folks made me change my mind. One of the surgical procedures that was extremely common in the mid 1800s, particularly during and after the Civil War (or War of Northern Aggression if you are a Southerner), was field amputations and other rough field surgery. Obviously they knew little about sepsis or about anesthetics but the techniques themselves were, to be blunt, developed to a high degree of proficiency on the fields of that war. Some of the surgeons during that war performed literally thousands of amputations.

That type of surgery is not the ideal and God forbid survivors of a collapse should be at that level of medical technology for long. But it is entirely realistic to imagine that survivors trying to carry on and establish themselves in a post-Collapse world could find themselves, for a time at least, at a level of medical technology not much better than the mid 1800s… especially once salvaged medical supplies run out. In the event that a wound or injury to an arm or leg is so severe as to make it mortal to try to keep the limb then someone had better know how to remove that limb to have a chance of saving the individuals life

Modern surgical books are great if you have them but, as I have often stated, they assume a level of support technology that will most likely not be available. So the methods and techniques developed on a mid-1800s battlefield could potentially be the most practical information available.

As in the case of every one of the medical technology book in the Library it is a matter of risk vs reward. If there is no other alternative to using the information in these books other than sitting and watching someone die then you have to make a choice.

The books are provided so that the choice is available.

I should have them added by late this week or early next week.

The Librarian

Repost of the Torrent Link

I had removed the link for the Library Index page because of a problem then forgot to repost it. Also told a couple people this morning that I had put it back on when I had actually entered it, previewed it then forgot to save the modification. Not quite enough coffee yet today. But here it is again just to be sure:

Torrent Link

actual link URL is:

The Librarian

2014-10-27 Medical-X-Rays Category Added (Links Fixed)

I’ve just added the Medical-X-Rays Category to the Library. It’s only 18 books but it contains pretty much the sum total of knowledge of X-ray technology as of the early 1900s.

More importantly since the technology was in it’s infancy at the time it contains enough of the raw and basic level engineering that with some moderate electrical knowledge and some glass blowing skills someone could probably build a working X-ray tube from scratch. It might require some trial and error but the requisite information is in the books.

Obviously there are materials and tools that would be required which few of us are likely to have in our home workshops but a little reading of the texts makes it clear that the technology is not much more advanced than the most basic radio construction techniques of the early 1900s. At that time people often manufactured their own electron tubes by hand. If teenagers in the early 1900s could do it a motivated modern craftsman is likely to be able to.

Why books on X-rays in the first place. Two of the most significant advances in medicine came about as a result of the early X-ray technology… X-ray imaging and Fluoroscopy.

The first is the traditional X-ray technology with which we are familiar… the iconic image of the doctor clipping X-rays of bones onto a light panel to study the images before operating or setting a bone. At a different level is the ability of X-rays to show foreign objects in the body be it a needle or a bullet.

The second lesser known imaging technology, Fluoroscopy, gave doctors their first opportunity to “see” inside the human body in real time while the patient was still alive. While it has its limitations and dangers, radiation exposure being one of them, there are times and situations where the benefits greatly outweigh the risks.

Both of these imaging techniques, static X-ray images and Fluoroscopy, provide major advances over the diagnostics techniques available without them. That the technology can be reproduced with a late 1800s level technology makes X-ray a technology that should be remembered and stored away for future reference.

In the event of a serious collapse such as an EMP (manmade or solar) or even a long term grid collapse brought about by economic or political factors, advanced X-ray technology may be unavailable and/or unusable. It is very possible that with the collapse of the current industrial/technological infrastructure survivors could be thrown into a situation where they have to essentially rebuild the infrastructure from scratch.

These 18 books provide the basic requisite knowledge to recreate and reintroduce an advanced medical technology without requiring an advanced electronics foundation.

The Librarian

2014-10-23 Medical-Microscopy Category Added

I’ve just added the Medical-Microscopy Category. It’s only 18 files but they cover the basics of microscope use, staining-which is a pretty important aspect of using a microscope for biological and medical use and three short texts on making microtomes.

If you’re not familiar with working with microscopes you generally need very thin sections of materials to allow light to pass through and make the structure viewable. The problem is that past a certain point it becomes very hard to take a very thin slice of something manually.

In the laboratory that is solved by use of a device/machine called a microtome. There are many types using a variety of cutting methods but in the end they are all simply slicing thin sections of a sample like slicing vegetables in the kitchen only writ vewy, vewy small..

The three texts relating to microtomes describe a very simple to construct homemade manual microtome. While it is not a replacement of a working lab microtome it works remarkably well and can produce quite good results.

On the general issue of microscopes it’s an area that may be of no interest to you or of great interest. My wife happens to be a Registered Nurse so in a post-Collapse world her skills with a microscope and ability to identify various bacteria and cell abnormalities would be an extremely valuable asset to a group or community. If you happen to have a doctor in your group or should have one join your group or community later, the availability of a simple microscope will greatly enhance their capability.

If you have no medical training at all or plan to lone wolf or retreat to an isolated bug out location then perhaps microscopes are on page two hundred on your priority list.

It might be worth adding to you list simply as a possible item of barter. Decent optical microscopes can be found on ebay and other online sites for really cheap prices. I recently bought an excellent used Spencer binocular scope for $75 that new was in the $400-$500 range. It works perfectly and is in use in my projects room.

The problem with not having one tucked away is that while they seem simple in concept, manufacturing one requires some fairly advanced optical lens making and some pretty precises machining capability. While very simple microscopes are easy to make, anything beyond the very simple elementary school science fair project variety of microscope increase almost exponentially in difficulty. For $75 or even less you can avoid a great deal of work and have a potentially very valuable tool on hand.

Even if you personally have no use for Microscopy books or a microscope I recommend adding the books to your medical library simply as a resource for possible future need. If you are the one helping rebuild in a post-Collapse world that extra set of knowledge could help reboot the medical infrastructure to your and everyone’s benefit.

The Librarian

2014-10-22 New projects in progress…

These are some of the projects being worked on at the moment. As always how fast they are finished depends on work, chores at home and the weather (i.e. when the weather’s good I’m working outside) so no firm predictions as to when they will be finished.

  • I should have the Medical-Microscopy books up in a few days.
  • I have about 40 new books on Slide Rules gathered together and plan to post them sometime in the next couple of weeks.
  • I found some sources of Users Manuals/Instruction Manuals for most makes and models of Sliderules. I’m collecting them and will get them posted in a Sliderule-Manual category when they are ready
  • Medical-Surgery (40+ additions to the existing collection)
  • Medical-Military which is a good collection of various TMs and FMs (i.e. Technical Manuals and Field Manuals) from various services related to the medical field.
  • Medical-XRay which is an interesting collection of books form the early 1900s on X-Ray machines and their uses in medicine.
  • A new Additions and Specials Category for posting various additions to different categories where they can be easily downloaded before they get moved to their parent category and for posting unusual and.or interesting books that don’t easily fall into any existing category but seem worth posting for you.
  • A Painting and Drawing Category with an interesting range of subjects

Those are the current projects I’ve got on the work drive. I’ll update you on the status of individual ones as they come to fruition and are close to being ready to post.

On a personal note I went out and bought a small desktop/bench drill press this past week for the book binding table. Several of the last few books I’ve printed and bound just did not measure up and to a large extent it was due to trying to drill the sewing holes in the text block with a hand drill. As anyone who has ever tried to drill vertical holes with a hand drill will tell you it’s somewhat tricky, especially when drilling through paper close to an edge.

So from now on I’ll just clamp the darned text block and set it on the drill press table and drill the darned holes straight. It will make my work a lot easier and probably result in much tidier books when i reach the covering stage.

Since winter time here is pretty dreary and general either clear and icey or warm and rainy I figure I’ll get to spend a good number of weekends up in the project room either bookbinding or reloading or working on plant slides at the microscope or sealing up food. I’m trying to get the project room set up for this winter’s projects ahead of time.

The Librarian

2014-10-20 Medical-Diagnostics Category Added

I’ve just added a new Category named Medical-Diagnostics.

As with the other Medical texts please read, then RE-read the Warning page at the link at the top of this and every other Medical Category. I know most people won’t read it but the information in it bears repeating and re-repeating.

These books are from the 1800s and early 1900s when our knowledge of the human body, medicine, genetics and many other medically related fields was rudimentary compared to today. It cannot be stressed enough that if there is any other alternative and any access to modern medicine then take advantage of it and do NOT use the information in these books for anything other than their historical or entertainment value.

That being said… if we ever do find ourselves in a post-Collapse world there is a very real chance that there will NOT be medical resources available other than rudimentary first aid. In the event of an EMP event, either solar or man-made, the technology upon which much of modern medicine depends will be non-existent. In the modern medical diagnostics texts I have there is a strong reliance on modern technology, laboratory tests, tests that use technologically advanced equipment and the use of computers… none of which would function in a post-EMP world.

The BEST estimates are that in a post-EMP environment, especially a solar based EMP even which affects the entire globe, 80%-90% of the population would die within in a few weeks to months after such an event. In the United States Doctors (of all specialties) make up .28% of the population… that is 2/10s of One Percent. If only 10%-20% of the population survives you can see that there is a very real possibility that Physicians could be few and far between if any survive at all.

The books in this Category use what one doctor friend of mine calls the Poke, Prod and Peer method of diagnostics. You Poke and Prod here and there to see what causes discomfort (what you and I call pain) and to feel the patients insides (i.e. palpation) and look at the patient to see what you can see. A few of the books describe basic laboratory and microscopy techniques which could be viable in a post-collapse world after a time especially since basic optical microscopes would, for the most part, be unaffected by EMP. A few provide diagnostics techniques using X-Rays.

Considering that X-Ray machines were first built using early 1900s technology it’s not far-fetched to imagine a post-Collapse world being able to recreate X-Ray technology without requiring too massive of an infrastructure rebuilding. That’s especially true when you understand that most X-Ray tubes would survive an EMP event even if the rest of the apparatus was destroyed. With a functional X-Ray tube the recreation of a working X-Ray machine would be possible if not trivial.

In any event the books in the Category are posted and available for whatever uses you choose to make of them.

The Librarian

2014-10-16 Medical-Anesthesia Category Added

I’ve added a new Category named Medical-Anesthesia.

A few notes about it:

1. I ran across a collection of old medical texts I hadn’t seen befoINre and got copies of them to look through. One of the things that really surprised me a bit were the number of books on Anesthesia dating back well into the 1800s.

While I remember posting a good bit in the past about the Medical book collection and discussing the impact of a serious medical emergency such as appendicitis in a post-collapse environment I think I did what all of us do when thinking about such things… I made the unconscious assumption that something as vital and (to us today) ubiquitous as anesthesia would not be an issue.

Rather I didn’t think of it as a non-issue as much as it didn’t even enter my mind as BEING an issue. After looking through some of these books I got a bit of a chill running down my spine. It’s one thing to contemplate having to perform an appendectomy on a family or community member in a post-collapse world. It’s quite another to contemplate having to do so without anesthetics.

These books are a compendium on 1800s and early 1900s anesthesia. Almost all of them focus on either Ether or Nitrous Oxide as the primary anesthetic and several of them write extensively about the production of them. In the Formulas Category there are several other books that I remember having information about the manufacture of both of those compounds so there is some overlap there.

2. As with any of the books on Medical topics in the Library I cannot stress too much that these are books from the 1800s and early 1900s. This was a period before the discovery of antibiotics, DNA and a plethora of other knowledge we take for granted today. It is virtually impossible to grasp the vast and overwhelming advances in knowledge that have occurred since then in our understanding of both the human body and the etiology, progression and cure of diseases. Indeed conditions that in the 1800s and early 1900s were simply dismissed as being caused by transient psychological problems (i.e. hysteria) we now know in many cases to be actual diseases with known and treatable causes.

The bottom line is that compared to modern medicine the information in these books is not only far less useful and effective than modern medicine but in many instances can be dangerous or fatal if used. The first rule for a Physician is believed to be “First do no harm.” While that is not actually part of the Hippocratic Oath it is still a good starting principle.

My advice is simple. Unless there is absolutely no other option than standing by and watching someone die in agony… don’t ever use any of the information in these Medical texts. Even then unless you are in a post-Collapse world where Attorneys and Liability Lawsuits are no longer a factor in day-to-day life don’t even think about using any of the knowledge in these books.

3. If there IS no other option and the Attorneys have all been devoured by true predators and there are no other medical resources available or the medical resources available require technology that no longer exists or functions then consider this… many of these texts are the result of the insane number of brutal injuries Doctors had to treat during the Civil War and WW1. Individual Doctors in those conflicts treated more injuries than most entire hospitals see in several decades of peacetime. While it is horrible to think about, the Doctors in those conflicts tried everything they could to save lives and sometimes, in desperation, found ways to save lives that no one had tried before. The bottom line is that they saved a lot of lives that would have otherwise been lost. It’s something to keep in mind. A Surgeon on the battlefield in WWI probably performed more surgery in a few years than a dozen modern surgeons perform in an entire career and under conditions that would leave a modern surgeon dumbfounded.

Bottom line is that the knowledge and skills and information in these books, in a post collapse world where there is no doctor is far better than standing by and doing nothing.

A post-Collapse world will, for a long time, be a brutal, savage, merciless and ruthless place. Simple survival itself, at both the individual, family and community level, will be a day-to-day struggle and not only will there be no guarantees but the odds will be strongly stacked against you. IN such an environment even the most rudimentary Medical skills could mean the difference between life and death.

4. Ideally it would be nice to have a wide personal Library of modern Medical textbooks covering everything from diagnostics through surgery through how to manufacture medicines and instruments. However, having a personal collection of modern medical texts myself and being married to a Nurse I am also faced with the stark reality that much of the knowledge in these books regarding treatment of injury and illness relies heavily on access to modern technology and manufacturing capacity. Those are both resources and materials that simply would not exist in a post-Collapse world. A book that prescribes a non-available medicine that cannot be manufactured in a post-Collapse world is somewhat less than useful. A surgical procedure that requires equipment that either is not available or does not function is just as useless.

A simple example suffices. Insulin since the 80s has predominantly been manufactured using recombinant DNA, a technology not likely to be available to folks in a post-Collapse world. The extraction of insulin from the pancreas of animals wasn’t discovered until the 1920s and once it became an industry relied on the availability of large numbers of pig pancreas. More importantly it relied on the existence of refrigeration since insulin degrades fairly quickly without refrigeration. In a post-Collapse world insulin production is not likely to be practical for a long, long time until a technological and industrial infrastructure is rebuilt. If it were manufactured it would require the widespread availability of refrigeration (which presupposes a functioning power grid) for practical distribution and storage. It would require rebuilding the infrastructure to a level comparable to the late 1920s or early 1930 to make insulin production and distribution a viable option.

Diagnostics techniques that require access to equipment much beyond the basic microscope or mechanical centrifuge are going to be problematical. We’ll be adding a Diagnostics Category soon.
So add the Anesthesia Books to your Library and then Pray to a Merciful God that you will never have need of them.

The Librarian

p.s. I also removed the NEW designation from categories that have been online for a while and have started afresh with this category and the Welding one added last week.

2014-10-13 New Medical Texts Coming Soon

I’m going to be adding a large number of additional Medical Texts over the next couple weeks. I’ve come across some new sources for some books that I don’t already have in my collections. I’ll be getting them cataloged and added as I have time.

Initially I’ll post them in separate categories so they are easy to differentiate from ones already posted. After they have been online for a month or so I’ll merge them into the existing categories where they are appropriate and creating news ones as required.

The Librarian.